Estonia: Kristo presentation: Estonia is an e-country. Estonia is different from other countries for its innovative thinking. We have the internet everywhere, it is our social right. Our secret weapons are the internet and e-solutions also in Estonia you can create a business in minutes. But that could be a big risk for us too. If someone takes down our internet systems we are helpless. In 2010, there was great rioting in Tallinn, as a large cyber attack was carried out. Fortunately, in Estonia there haven´t been any more mayor cyber attacks.
Our goal is to automate the whole country. By the year 2020 we hopefully will have all our taxes done for ourselves. E-solutions are good, but if the internet and electricity is down, nothing can be done. So I question arrised- How can we solve this problem? Also we talked about E-residenci and that e-solutions save us 800 hours a year.
Because of e-solutions and the involement of internet youngsters can no longer focus, it is sadly not common nowadays to read books and in the future people might forget how to write on paper. You can make the elections very easy, but Estonians still do not go to elections. The goal is to make all projects and finances visible. Then we talked about Estonian voting system. We have e-voting and prevoting.
Quote from Kristo: Our voting system and tax system is over the post- Soviet times but our people aren´t. We have a web page that creates a citizen and politician cooperation system to change five different subjects.
- Election system
- Partys inner democray
- Different partys competitiveness
- Partys funding system
Turkey: Turkey is more of an authocratic country than democratic. The police sometimes uses force against citizens to gain or hold the power. There were riots in 2013 against taking down park trees after that Turkish citizens became closer. In 1923 Turkey had single party, in 1950 multiple parties. Turkey has General, precidental and local elections. Then we went to have lunch in Nikolai Lehtla. After lunch we continued with Spain. Spain has local area voting done in a territory of the town.
You vote for a town representatives and the town representatives vote for the province representatives. You become a representative in the parliament if you recieve atleast 5% of the votes in you area. There is 1 committee for 1 topic in every province (for example each province has it´s own youth committee) People chosen to lead province choose the parliament. For European Parlament voting there are two options: correos post and embassy.
Voting in Spain is in the nearest voting house and in the commitee there are 3 people, chosen by lottery. If you don´t vote you get penalty. Citizens in the commitee can order police to assist them if any crime is committed. They have no e-vote. If there are problems with votes counting than the street has new elections. Parliament has to discuss all the petitions. Their king is the chief of the army and king signes the laws.
Macedonia: They have local elections, parlamentary elections, presidental elections. No e-voting. President is the chief of the army (No political actions). Prime minister is the person that controls everything. They used to have a lot of corruption called Bulgarian train. Last year the students protested and the police used force against them. Parlamentary elections- multiple parties, 1 party must have more than 51% on votes.
UK: Green seats are chosen by elections and red seats are the lords. Queen is well respected. Royal family is understood. Lords can challenge parties. They have the so called Green paper– introduction to goervnment policies.They have General, local, european electtions and they also have UK Youth Parlament. At the end of the day we were separated to different teams – Banana, Orange and Apple and we played a game.